Tuesday, 23 April 2013

Igor Sikorski and the Helicopter (Part 2)

Igor Sikorski's Helicopter firsts (Part 2)

  • 1939 VS-300 First single main rotor helicopter successfully produced in the World and literally set one World's Record after another with each flight .
  • 1940 Igor Sikorsky is awarded Connecticut Helicopter License No. 1 1941 VS-300 breaks the World helicopter endurance record, 1 hour, 32 minutes and 26.1 seconds
  • 1941 VS-300 fitted with rubber floats was the World's First practical amphibian helicopter

1942 XR-4 World's First production helicopter is delivered and this is the first cross-country flight of a helicopter in the United States
1943 R-4 First mass produced helicopter


  • 1943 R-4 First helicopter to land on a ship - Bunker Hill
  • 1944 R-4 First Combat Rescue using a helicopter piloted by Lieutenant Carter Harman

  • 1945 R-5 First helicopter equipped with armament
  • 1945 S-51 First Civilian Rescue using a helicopter piloted by Dimity "Jimmy" Viner


  • 1945 R-4 is the only helicopter to serve in World War II
  • 1947 S-51 piloted by Jimmy Viner performed the First Naval Rescue
  • 1948 S-51 First amphibious assault with a helicopter


  • 1949 S-52 established a World Helicopter Speed Record of 129.5 mph
  • 1949 S-52 First helicopter to perform a loop
  • 1949 S-52 World's first production helicopter with metal rotor blades
  • 1950 S-51 First helicopter to be equipped with a three-axis automatic flight-control system
  • 1950 S-51 holds all the World recognized international helicopter records
  • 1953 S-52 First turbine-powered helicopter

                                                                     USMC S-52s

  • 1951 S-55 First helicopter to retrieve an aircraft
  • 1952 S-55 First anti-submarine warfare helicopter
  • 1952 S-55 First helicopter to fly across the Atlantic Ocean establishing a World Record
  • 1952 S-55 First helicopter equipped with pre-tracked interchangeable rotor blades
  • 1953 S-55 is the only transport-type helicopter certified by the Civil Aeronautics Administration for commercial operations

                                                                        S 56 (CH-37C)


  • 1953 S-56 established World Speed and Altitude Records
  • 1953 S-56 First helicopter with automatic blade and tail folding
  • 1953 S-56 First helicopter with power-operated loading
  • 1955 S-56 First production twin-engine helicopter

                                                                                    S 56 Civilian

                                                                                 US Army S 56


                                                                       German S 58

  • 1956 S-58 First helicopter to use an automatic flight control system
  • 1956 S-58 First helicopter with automatic hover positioning system
  • 1957 S-58 was used by President Eisenhower to become the First American President to use a helicopter built specifically for his needs


                                                                 The Ampbibious S-62

  • 1958 S-62 First helicopter with a amphibious hull
  • 1958 S-61 First helicopter with energy-absorbing landing gear
  • 1958 S-61 First helicopter CAA certified for automatic stabilization
  • 1958 S-61 First helicopter with dipping sonar
  • 1959 S-58 The First helicopter to be used for power-line construction
  • 1959 S-60 First helicopter with aft-facing control station
  • 1959 S-61 World's largest amphibious helicopter
  • 1959 S-61 First helicopter that could both search out and destroy enemy submarines
  • 1960 S-62 made Los Angeles Airways the First carrier in the World to use a turbine engine helicopter
  • 1960 S-58 was the First helicopter to fire a radio-controlled missile
  • 1960 S-61L First helicopter designed specifically for airline use
  • 1960 S-55 First aerial recovery by helicopter of parachute
  • 1961 S-58 First helicopter to retrieve an U.S. astronaut, Commander Alan Shephard, America's First man in space
                                                          S 61
  • 1961 S-61L was the World's First Multi-turbine helicopter certified for passenger transport
  • 1961 S-61 made the fastest helicopter crossing of the  USy (average speed of 150 mph)
  • 1962 S-61 established a World helicopter speed record of 210.65 mph, This was the First time a helicopter traveled faster than 200 mph on a established course
  • 1962 S-61 established five helicopter World Speed Records

  • 1962 S-64 First production flying crane helicopter
  • 1962 S-64 First production helicopter with aft-facing control station
  • 1962 S-64 First helicopter with a fly-by-wire control system

  • 1964 S-65 First six-blade main rotor
  • 1964 S-65 First helicopter with a suction fuel system
  • 1964 S-65 First helicopter with a collective bias-droop compensation control

                                                                  S64 (HH-53)

  • 1965 RH-53D First production mine-countermeasures helicopter


  • 1965 S-61F First experimental compound helicopter with a full complement of aircraft control surfaces
  • 1965 S-61 First aerial refueling of a helicopter from a standard tanker airplane
  • 1965 S-61 Rotor-Prop First helicopter to demonstrate conversion of tail rotor to propeller
  • 1965 S-61 made the First nonstop, transcontinental, flight setting a World's record for distance of 2,105 miles
  • 1965 S-61N made the First transatlantic crossing by a commercial helicopter


  • 1965 S-64 claimed three World's Altitude Records
  • 1966 S-64 First helicopter with engine inlet particle separator 
  • 1968 S-65 First large helicopter to loop and roll
  • 1968 S-65 First titanium-spar rotor blade
  • 1969 S-65 First helicopter with an infrared suppressor system
  • 1970 S-65 First helicopter transpacific crossing

                                                                  S-67 Blackhawk


  • 1970 S-67 First prototype gunship with wings and dive brakes
  • 1970 S-67 set a World Speed Record
  • 1970 S-67 First helicopter with swept-tip rotor blades

  • 1971 S-70 First helicopter with a canted tail rotor
  • 1973 S-69 First to fly the Advancing Blade Concept (ABC)
  • 1973 S-70 First successful flight of an all composite, bearingless tail rotor

                                                                     S-70 Blackhawk

                                                            Australian S70 Blackhawk

  • 1973 CH-53E First three-engine helicopter
  • 1973 CH-53E First seven-blade main rotor helicopter

                                                            SH-53 Super Stallion



  • 1977 S-76 First helicopter designed for civil transportation
  • 1980 S-70 first helicopter qualified to fly into know moderate icing conditions
  • 1984 S-75 First all-composite airframe (ACAP)

                                                                        S-75 ACAP

  •  1985 First helicopter with single-pilot research cockpit, fly-by-wire, sidearm controls, voice interaction (SHADOW) 
  • The Sikorsky Helicopter Advanced Demonstrator and Operator Workload (SHADOW), 1985
  • A heavily modified S-76, with a highly advanced single-pilot cockpit grafted to the nose used to investigate the feasibility of producing a one-man helicopter that could do more than a two-man aircraft:
                       The Sikorsky Helicopter Advanced Demonstrator and Operator Workload (SHADOW), 1985

A heavily modified S-76, with a highly advanced single-pilot cockpit grafted to the nose used to investigate the feasibility of producing a one-man helicopter that could do more than a two-man aircraft


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