Tuesday, 23 April 2013

Igor Sikorski and the Helicopter (Part 2)

Igor Sikorski's Helicopter firsts (Part 2)

  • 1939 VS-300 First single main rotor helicopter successfully produced in the World and literally set one World's Record after another with each flight .
  • 1940 Igor Sikorsky is awarded Connecticut Helicopter License No. 1 1941 VS-300 breaks the World helicopter endurance record, 1 hour, 32 minutes and 26.1 seconds
  • 1941 VS-300 fitted with rubber floats was the World's First practical amphibian helicopter

1942 XR-4 World's First production helicopter is delivered and this is the first cross-country flight of a helicopter in the United States
1943 R-4 First mass produced helicopter


  • 1943 R-4 First helicopter to land on a ship - Bunker Hill
  • 1944 R-4 First Combat Rescue using a helicopter piloted by Lieutenant Carter Harman

  • 1945 R-5 First helicopter equipped with armament
  • 1945 S-51 First Civilian Rescue using a helicopter piloted by Dimity "Jimmy" Viner


  • 1945 R-4 is the only helicopter to serve in World War II
  • 1947 S-51 piloted by Jimmy Viner performed the First Naval Rescue
  • 1948 S-51 First amphibious assault with a helicopter


  • 1949 S-52 established a World Helicopter Speed Record of 129.5 mph
  • 1949 S-52 First helicopter to perform a loop
  • 1949 S-52 World's first production helicopter with metal rotor blades
  • 1950 S-51 First helicopter to be equipped with a three-axis automatic flight-control system
  • 1950 S-51 holds all the World recognized international helicopter records
  • 1953 S-52 First turbine-powered helicopter

                                                                     USMC S-52s

  • 1951 S-55 First helicopter to retrieve an aircraft
  • 1952 S-55 First anti-submarine warfare helicopter
  • 1952 S-55 First helicopter to fly across the Atlantic Ocean establishing a World Record
  • 1952 S-55 First helicopter equipped with pre-tracked interchangeable rotor blades
  • 1953 S-55 is the only transport-type helicopter certified by the Civil Aeronautics Administration for commercial operations

                                                                        S 56 (CH-37C)


  • 1953 S-56 established World Speed and Altitude Records
  • 1953 S-56 First helicopter with automatic blade and tail folding
  • 1953 S-56 First helicopter with power-operated loading
  • 1955 S-56 First production twin-engine helicopter

                                                                                    S 56 Civilian

                                                                                 US Army S 56


                                                                       German S 58

  • 1956 S-58 First helicopter to use an automatic flight control system
  • 1956 S-58 First helicopter with automatic hover positioning system
  • 1957 S-58 was used by President Eisenhower to become the First American President to use a helicopter built specifically for his needs


                                                                 The Ampbibious S-62

  • 1958 S-62 First helicopter with a amphibious hull
  • 1958 S-61 First helicopter with energy-absorbing landing gear
  • 1958 S-61 First helicopter CAA certified for automatic stabilization
  • 1958 S-61 First helicopter with dipping sonar
  • 1959 S-58 The First helicopter to be used for power-line construction
  • 1959 S-60 First helicopter with aft-facing control station
  • 1959 S-61 World's largest amphibious helicopter
  • 1959 S-61 First helicopter that could both search out and destroy enemy submarines
  • 1960 S-62 made Los Angeles Airways the First carrier in the World to use a turbine engine helicopter
  • 1960 S-58 was the First helicopter to fire a radio-controlled missile
  • 1960 S-61L First helicopter designed specifically for airline use
  • 1960 S-55 First aerial recovery by helicopter of parachute
  • 1961 S-58 First helicopter to retrieve an U.S. astronaut, Commander Alan Shephard, America's First man in space
                                                          S 61
  • 1961 S-61L was the World's First Multi-turbine helicopter certified for passenger transport
  • 1961 S-61 made the fastest helicopter crossing of the  USy (average speed of 150 mph)
  • 1962 S-61 established a World helicopter speed record of 210.65 mph, This was the First time a helicopter traveled faster than 200 mph on a established course
  • 1962 S-61 established five helicopter World Speed Records

  • 1962 S-64 First production flying crane helicopter
  • 1962 S-64 First production helicopter with aft-facing control station
  • 1962 S-64 First helicopter with a fly-by-wire control system

  • 1964 S-65 First six-blade main rotor
  • 1964 S-65 First helicopter with a suction fuel system
  • 1964 S-65 First helicopter with a collective bias-droop compensation control

                                                                  S64 (HH-53)

  • 1965 RH-53D First production mine-countermeasures helicopter


  • 1965 S-61F First experimental compound helicopter with a full complement of aircraft control surfaces
  • 1965 S-61 First aerial refueling of a helicopter from a standard tanker airplane
  • 1965 S-61 Rotor-Prop First helicopter to demonstrate conversion of tail rotor to propeller
  • 1965 S-61 made the First nonstop, transcontinental, flight setting a World's record for distance of 2,105 miles
  • 1965 S-61N made the First transatlantic crossing by a commercial helicopter


  • 1965 S-64 claimed three World's Altitude Records
  • 1966 S-64 First helicopter with engine inlet particle separator 
  • 1968 S-65 First large helicopter to loop and roll
  • 1968 S-65 First titanium-spar rotor blade
  • 1969 S-65 First helicopter with an infrared suppressor system
  • 1970 S-65 First helicopter transpacific crossing

                                                                  S-67 Blackhawk


  • 1970 S-67 First prototype gunship with wings and dive brakes
  • 1970 S-67 set a World Speed Record
  • 1970 S-67 First helicopter with swept-tip rotor blades

  • 1971 S-70 First helicopter with a canted tail rotor
  • 1973 S-69 First to fly the Advancing Blade Concept (ABC)
  • 1973 S-70 First successful flight of an all composite, bearingless tail rotor

                                                                     S-70 Blackhawk

                                                            Australian S70 Blackhawk

  • 1973 CH-53E First three-engine helicopter
  • 1973 CH-53E First seven-blade main rotor helicopter

                                                            SH-53 Super Stallion



  • 1977 S-76 First helicopter designed for civil transportation
  • 1980 S-70 first helicopter qualified to fly into know moderate icing conditions
  • 1984 S-75 First all-composite airframe (ACAP)

                                                                        S-75 ACAP

  •  1985 First helicopter with single-pilot research cockpit, fly-by-wire, sidearm controls, voice interaction (SHADOW) 
  • The Sikorsky Helicopter Advanced Demonstrator and Operator Workload (SHADOW), 1985
  • A heavily modified S-76, with a highly advanced single-pilot cockpit grafted to the nose used to investigate the feasibility of producing a one-man helicopter that could do more than a two-man aircraft:
                       The Sikorsky Helicopter Advanced Demonstrator and Operator Workload (SHADOW), 1985

A heavily modified S-76, with a highly advanced single-pilot cockpit grafted to the nose used to investigate the feasibility of producing a one-man helicopter that could do more than a two-man aircraft


No comments:

Post a Comment

ANZAC day 2017 Remembering the fallen

In remembrance. For 1915, 1916, 1917, and 2017 and for all the sacrifices before and after for those who went and served, those who came ...